Biodiversity

The habitat types of Myanmar are:

  1. 9 a = Myanmar Dry Zone
  2. 9 b = Myanmar Subtropical
  3. 3 c = Assam – Myanmar Transition Zone
  4. 10 a = Central Indochina
  5. 10 b = Northern Indochina
  6. 10 c = Indochina Sub Tropical
  7. 4 = Myanmar Coast
  8. 7 b = Malayan Transition
  9. 5 d = Eastern Himalayas

The country is endowed with an impressive fauna and flora. There are about 7,000 plant species, more than 300 mammals and 400 reptiles, and 1,000 bird species which have been identified. Of the wildlife species, quite a number of them are IUCN Red listed species. Many ecologically fragile and endemic species are highly endangered with risk of extinction. The wildlife legislation declares complete protection for 39 mammals, 50 birds and 9 reptile species; normal protection for 12 mammals, 43 birds and 6 reptile species; and seasonally protected species include 2 mammals and 13 bird species. Twenty three wildlife sanctuaries and five national parks have been established in Myanmar under Protected Areas System.

View Chart

Wildlife and parts seized from illegal wildlife trade during 2008-2012 (items)

View Chart

Wildlife and parts seized from illegal wildlife trade during 2008 - 2012 (weight)

Protected Areas and ASEAN Heritage Parks in Myanmar

View map View map & data
  • Migratory birds slow to arrive this year

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 24 November 2017

  • Endangered Wildlife list to be revised, republished

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 23 November 2017

  • Migratory birds decline in upper Chindwin region

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 22 November 2017

  • Experts call for urgent action to protect Myanmar bears

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 15 November 2017

  • Winter birds start migrating to Paleik Lake

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    Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

    Published: 13 November 2017

  • Illegal wildlife trade thriving in Golden Triangle: WWF

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 13 November 2017

  • Fourth Ayeyawady dolphin tour in dolphin conservation area begins

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    Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

    Published: 7 November 2017

  • World’s largest paper mache sculpture gives voice to endangered Myanmar elephants

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    Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

    Published: 6 November 2017

  • Seized endangered Parrot-beaked tortoises ill, being treated

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 4 November 2017

  • Indawgyi Biosphere Reserve Inauguration held last Tuesday

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    Source: Ministry of Information, Myanmar

    Published: 2 November 2017

  • Coalition launched in response to wild elephant skinning crisis

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    Source: Ministry of Information, Myanmar 

    Published: 2 November 2017

  • Golden Triangle is ‘ground zero’ for wildlife trafficking: WWF

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    Source: The Nation

    Published: 2 November 2017

  • Top 10 'Most Wanted' Endangered Species in the Markets of the Golden Triangle

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    Source: WWF Myanmar

    Published: 2 November 2017

  • Endangered hornbills under threat by wildlife trade

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 31 October 2017

  • Myanmar plans to turn wildlife reserve in northwestern region into eco-tourism destination

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    Source: Global Times

    Published: 30 October 2017

  • Adventure tour planned for Tamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 30 October 2017

  • Three endangered baby dolphins spotted in Ayeyawady River

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    Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

    Published: 27 October 2017

  • Sagaing Region struggling to jump-start wildlife tourism project amid scarce funds

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 24 October 2017

  • Dried elephant meat seized in Yangon

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 13 October 2017

  • China-Myanmar expedition discovers new shrimp species

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    Source: Mizzima

    Published: 13 October 2017

  • Group trumpets sarus crane success in Ayeyarwady

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 11 October 2017

  • Fifteen new gecko species discovered in Myanmar

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    Source: Fauna and Flora International

    Published: 5 October 2017

  • Conservation helps rare Myanmar tortoise population rebound to 14,000

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 28 September 2017

  • Thousands Protest UNESCO Project at Mt. Hkakabo Razi

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    Source: The Irrawaddy

    Published: 28 September 2017

  • Residents to protest expansion of Khakaborazi park

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 27 September 2017

  • Bear dies after wandering into Magwe village

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 26 September 2017

  • Number of visitors to Wingabaw Elephant Camp increased by 80 %

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    Source: Ministry of Information, Myanmar

    Published: 25 September 2017

  • Yangon’s ‘misery menu’ features exotic meat for sale

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 22 September 2017

  • Mandalay comes second in animal trafficking cases

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 21 September 2017

  • Conservationists to work with China to curb wildlife trafficking

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 20 September 2017

  • Continuous research on star tortoises conducts in Shwesettaw Wildlife Sanctuary

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    Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

    Published: 18 September 2017

  • WWF-Myanmar sounds alarm about illegal wildlife trade

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 8 September 2017

  • Nearly 50 sarus crane nests identified

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 5 September 2017

  • Myanmar hails UNESCO Status for Indawgyi Lake and expects more UNESCO sites to be announced in the future

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    Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

    Published: 4 September 2017

  • Rare sarus cranes found in Ayeyawady Delta

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    Source: Ministry of Information, Myanmar

    Published: 1 September 2017

  • 88 turtles released in Chindwin

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 1 September 2017

  • Soft shell turtles threatened with extinction

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 29 August 2017

  • Number of orphaned elephants being cared for at camp in Bago Region grows to five in a year

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 28 August 2017

  • Workshops to promote tiger conservation

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 25 August 2017

  • Two Himalayan black bears freed

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    Source: Ministry of Information, Myanmar

    Published: 24 August 2017

  • Hoolock gibbon survey planned for October

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 24 August 2017

  • Government urged to make Gwa Island a nature reserve

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 22 August 2017

  • Indawgyi Lake hosts rare species of water bird

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    Source: Ministry of Information, Myanmar

    Published: 21 August 2017

  • Wild elephants poaching rises in southern Rakhine, Ayeyawady Region

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 17 August 2017

  • Insect discovered in Kachin State named after naturalist David Attenborough

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    Source: Mizzima

    Published: 16 August 2017

  • Endangered Asian black bears to be released into Htamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 16 August 2017

  • Elephant poacher captured in Ayeyawady Region

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    Source: Ministry of Information, Myanmar

    Published: 15 August 2017

  • Conservationists alarmed over rising elephant skin trade

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 15 August 2017

  • Rakhine environmentalist among awardees of ASEAN Biodiversity Heroes Award

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 9 August 2017

  • Wild elephants poisoned in Ayeyarwaddy Region

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 6 August 2017

  • Bago Yoma gets ecotourism

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    Source: Ministry of Information, Myanmar

    Published: 31 July 2017

  • Article: Wilderness areas are being destroyed but the World Heritage Convention can protect them

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    Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

    Published: 28 July 2017

  • Ministry to boost ecotourism this fiscal year

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 25 July 2017

  • Red-crowned crane needs urgent conservation

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 23 July 2017

  • Kachin State’s Indawgyi Lake gets UNESCO designation

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    Source: Mizzima

    Published: 22 July 2017

  • Rare armadillos found in Sagaing

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 20 July 2017

  • New wildlife sanctuary to emerge in forest reserve

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    Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

    Published: 11 July 2017

  • Star tortoises in Minzontaung sanctuary number more than 2000

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 10 July 2017

  • Endangered white-winged wood ducks spotted in Htamanthi wildlife sanctuary

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 3 July 2017

  • Over 4,700 domesticated elephants registered across Myanmar

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    Source: Ministry of Information, Myanmar

    Published: 28 June 2017

  • Snails infest Ayeyawady fields

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 27 June 2017

  • 10 marine animal species threatened with extinction in Rakhine State

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 26 June 2017

  • Burmese roofed turtle threatened by water pollution

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 26 June 2017

  • Myanmar’s edible bird nest industry comes home to roost

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 7 June 2017

  • Skin cure fad driving Myanmar elephant poaching surge: WWF

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 6 June 2017

  • Dolphin protection to be expanded

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 1 June 2017

  • Endangered turtles, tortoises saved by conservation

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 26 May 2017

  • 58 bird species spotted at Kaylatha wildlife sanctuary

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 24 April 2017

  • Opinion: Rare Species — Ayeyawady Dolphins

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    Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

    Published: 20 April 2017

  • Article: Earth Optimism: Helping Wild Elephants Where They Roam

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    Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

    Published: 18 April 2017

  • Smithsonian Scientists Discover Two Colorful Geckos in Vanishing Myanmar Rainforest

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    Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

    Published: 17 April 2017

  • Scientists discover eggs of one of world’s most endangered turtles

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    Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

    Published: 17 April 2017

  • Forest reserves to be recognised as wildlife sanctuaries

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 7 April 2017

  • Revised environmental policy to be released

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 6 April 2017

  • Ecotourism plan still faces challenges to implement

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 15 March 2017

  • Inkhinebwan mountain range in Kachin State designated as national park

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 13 March 2017

  • Conservationists to launch dolphin protection campaigns

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 10 March 2017

  • Poachers target endangered manta rays

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 9 March 2017

  • Unexpected jellyfish in Myanmar waters a boon for fishermen

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    Source: Ministry of Information, Myanmar

    Published: 6 March 2017

  • Star tortoises released in Minsontaung sanctuary

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 6 March 2017

  • Shell ornament production falls

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 6 March 2017

  • Tanintharyi chief demands fish protection

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 5 March 2017

  • PR: World Wildlife Day 2017: Survey of uncharted Myanmar region finds Southeast Asia’s last great wilderness

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    Source: WWF-Myanmar

    Published: 3 March 2017

  • Majority of mammals in Kayin State in trouble

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 3 March 2017

  • Survey reveals drastic decline of waterbirds in Ayeyawady River

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    Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

    Published: 25 February 2017

  • Ayeyarwady in danger of losing its birds

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 22 February 2017

  • Myanmar’s Ayeyarwady dolphin population grows to 70

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 20 February 2017

  • Restoration of Alaungtaw Katthapa National Park

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 16 February 2017

  • More than 30 species of migratory birds sojourn at Paleik Lake

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 15 February 2017

  • State Counsellor receives WWF-US Board Member and Country Director of WWF

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    Source: Ministry of Information, Myanmar

    Published: 11 February 2017

  • Survey on Ayeyarwady dolphin population

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 7 February 2017

  • Threats to South-East Asia’s treasures

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 7 February 2017

  • Vice President U Henry Van Thio urges conservation of state bird, tree in Chin State

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    Source: President Office, Myanmar

    Published: 6 February 2017

  • Authorities clamp down on illegal wildlife traders

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 6 February 2017

  • Meinmahla Kyun wildlife sanctuary designated Ramsar site

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 3 February 2017

  • Meinmahla Kyun Wildlife designated as third Ramsar

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    Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

    Published: 2 February 2017

  • Myanmar to take part in Hamalia mountain range conservation project

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    Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

    Published: 29 January 2017

  • Protections for pachyderms finalized

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    Source: Ministry of Information, Myanmar

    Published: 27 January 2017

  • Amid extinction fears, survey to count Irrawaddy dolphins

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 25 January 2017

  • Star tortoise population over 2,300 in Minsontaung Wildlife Sanctuary

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    Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

    Published: 23 January 2017

  • Ayeyawady dolphins population to be updated

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    Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar

    Published: 22 January 2017

  • Myanmar to launch elephant conservation project

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 19 January 2017

  • Myanmar’s ‘smiling’ Irrawaddy dolphins on brink of extinction

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    Source: Mizzima

    Published: 18 January 2017

  • Elephant Conservation Workshop held in Nay Pyi Taw

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    Source: Ministry of Information, Myanmar

    Published: 17 January 2017

  • Elephant poaching on the rise: minister

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 17 January 2017

  • Indawgyi bird count reveals winter population

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 17 January 2017

  • မြန်မာ့ဆင်များထိန်းသိမ်းရေးလုပ်ငန်းစီမံချက် ရေးဆွဲခြင်းဆိုင်ရာ အလုပ်ရုံဆွေးနွေးပွဲကျင်းပ

    သတင်းအပြည့်အစုံကို ဤနေရာတွင် ဖတ်ရှုပါ

    သတင်းရင်းမြစ်။   ။ ပြန်ကြားရေးဝန်ကြီးဌာန

    ထုတ်ဝေသည့်နေ့။   ။ ဇန်နဝါရီလ ၁၆ ရက်၊ ၂၀၁၇။

  • Central committee sets out to conserve coastal biodiversity

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 2 January 2017

  • Scientists discover over 150 new species in the Mekong

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 20 December 2016

  • Knowledge dissemination on Ayeyawady dolphin conservation

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 20 December 2016

  • Migratory birds settle in for winter at Inle Lake

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 19 December 2016

  • Scientists find dinosaur tail in mid-Cretaceous amber

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    Source: Global Times

    Published: 9 December 2016

  • Migratory birds absent from Chindwin: residents

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 8 December 2016

  • Myeik’s mangroves in danger: FFI

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 6 December 2016

  • Myanmar to draft national environmental policy: President U Htin Kyaw

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    Source: President Office, Myanmar

    Published: 30 November 2016

  • နိုင်ငံတော်သမ္မတ ဦးထင်ကျော် ပဉ္စမအကြိမ် အစိမ်းရောင်စီးပွားရေး အစိမ်းရောင် ဖွံ့ဖြိုးတိုးတက်မှု ဖိုရမ်ဖွင့်ပွဲ အခမ်းအနားသို့ တက်ရောက် မိန့်ခွန်းပြောကြား

    သတင်းအပြည့်အစုံကို ဤနေရာတွင် ဖတ်ရှုပါ

    သတင်းရင်းမြစ်။   ။ နိုင်ငံတော်သမ္မတရုံး

    ထုတ်ဝေသည့်နေ့။   ။ နို၀င်ဘာလ ၃၀ ရက်၊ ၂၀၁၆။

  • Myanmar cracks down on illegal wildlife trading from Mandalay-Muse

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    Source: Eleven

    Published: 30 November 2016

  • Infrastructure boom threatening tigers

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 29 November 2016

  • Govt agrees to crack down on wildlife trade in borderlands

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 23 November 2016

  • WWF says roads, dams, tiger farms, poaching threat to tiger survival in Greater Mekong region

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    Source: Xinhua

    Published: 23 November 2016

  • Bee pasture management committees to be formed

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 22 November 2016

  • Pregnant Irrawaddy dolphin believed killed by electro-fisher

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 21 November 2016

  • KNU, WWF ink pact

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 11 November 2016

  • Cautionary tails: Learning from neighbours to counter species loss in Myanmar

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 8 November 2016

  • Environmental conference participants demand govt reject Myitsone dam

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 7 November 2016

  • Can Myanmar’s hydropower study truly be for the people?

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 7 November 2017

  • Features: In the Delta, a rapidly disintegrating mangrove forest

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    Source: Frointier Myanmar

    Published: 7 November 2016

  • Only 3 Irrawaddy Dolphins remain in Laos, says WWF

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    Source: Mizzima

    Published: 5 November 2016

  • Wild elephants destroy paddy field near Ngwe Saung Beach

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    Source: Ministry of Information, Myanmar

    Published: 3 November 2016

     

  • Hydropower commission tipped to advise nixing Myitsone: members

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 28 October 2016

  • Talks On Hydropower Projects along Ayeyawady River focused on impact assessment

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    Source: Ministry of Information, Myanmar

    Published: 24 October 2016

  • Hungry poachers target great hornbills in Magwe Region

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 20 October 2016

  • Myanmar bans fishing in some islands in southern region

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    Source: Xinhua/Global Times

    Published: 14 October 2016

  • China-Myanmar established Biodiversity Research Institute handed over to Myanmar

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    Source: Mizzima

    Published: 13 October 2016

  • Fish research centre to open

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 12 October 2016


  • Farm animal census to be revived in 2017

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    Source: Myanmar Times

    Published: 12 October 2016


  • Tiger parts trade at Mong La tripled in 8 years, says watchdog

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    Source: Frontier Myanmar

    Published: 10 October 2016

  • Myanmar highlighted as a priority hub in ending tiger trade

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    Source: Myanmar TImes

    Published: 7 October 2016